The Portuguese Parliament is formed of a single chamber of Members and is called the Assembly of the Republic. As a chamber of Members elected by universal, direct and secret suffrage, the Assembly of the Republic represents all Portuguese citizens, acting in their name and accountable to them. Like the other bodies that exercise sovereign power defined by the Constitution — the President of the Republic, the Government and the Courts — it is endowed with sovereign powers of the state, particularly in relation to the political system since its primary function is to represent the citizens. For this reason, it is the main legislative body, the basis for forming the Government, and the body before which the executive is held accountable. It has exclusive legislative competence for matters determined in the Constitution as well as being able to legislate alongside other bodies on all other matters, except those regarding the organisation and functioning of the Government. It is also assigned the tasks of scrutinising the activity of the Government and the Administration and ensuring compliance with the Constitution and laws. The relationship between the Assembly of the Republic and the remaining bodies that exercise sovereign power is constitutionally bound by the principle of separation of powers and interdependence of those bodies. This means that the sovereign powers of the state are divided and distributed into different bodies, with cooperation and reciprocal oversight procedures among them.
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The Constituent Assembly Portuguese : Assembleia Constituinte was the Portuguese constituent assembly elected on 25 April , after the Carnation Revolution 25 April , for the purpose of adopting a constitution for the Third Portuguese Republic, the Constitution of The election of the Constituent Assembly was carried out in Portugal on 25 April , exactly one year after the Carnation Revolution and was the first free election in fifty years, the first in the new democratic regime created after the revolution. The election was won by the Socialist Party, with the Democratic Party being the second most voted party. The parliament had a large majority of parties defending socialist or democratic socialist ideas and the Constitution, approved on 2 April , reflected such influence. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.